365 Disaster Research Articles


My goal for 2018 was to post one piece of published emergency management/ disaster research a day on twitter. The point in doing so was to demonstrate that there is a significant amount of emergency management research of which many seem unaware. Ultimately it was an effort to make academics and others more aware of just some of the disaster research that exists. In that sense, this was a successful endeavor. All year these posts have spurred conversations both online and offline.

The thread.

I also promised to provide a list of the articles:

1) Let’s start at the beginning. Samuel Prince’s 1920 dissertation is credited with being the first systematic social analysis of a disaster. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=mpsrAQAAMAAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA13&dq=samuel+prince+&ots=MTmaMsIeKG&sig=UztaiTmA3EquRwTov2op5dsKMa0#v=onepage&q=samuel%20prince&f=false


2) A study looking at spontaneous/ emergent volunteer behavior in NYC during 9/11. Lowe, S., & Fothergill, A. (2003). A need to help: Emergent volunteer behavior after September 11th. Beyond September 11th: An account of post-disaster research, 293-314. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228551729_A_Need_to_Help_Emergent_Volunteer_Behavior_after_September_11th


3) TL;DR Social networks are important Li, W., et al (2010). Katrina and migration: Evacuation and return by African Americans and Vietnamese Americans in an eastern New Orleans suburb. The Professional Geographer, 62(1), 103-118. Full Article:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00330120903404934

4) Who doesn't love a little ICS reading? Chang, H. H. (2017). A literature review and analysis of the incident command system. International journal of emergency management, 13(1), 50-67.



5) This paper from Quarantelli written in 1980 is basically all still true. Quarantelli, E. L. (1980). The study of disaster movies: Research problems, findings, and implications. Preliminary Paper 64. University of Delaware. http://udspace.udel.edu/bitstream/handle/19716/447/PP64.pdf?sequence=5&isAllowed=y


6) "Flint, C., & Stevenson, J. (2010). Building community disaster preparedness with volunteers: Community Emergency Response Teams in Illinois. Natural Hazards Review, 11(3), 118-124."



7) Extremely important piece for all in EM to read. Kailes, J. I., & Enders, A. (2007). Moving beyond “special needs” A function-based framework for emergency management and planning. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 17(4), 230-237.



8) Just stumbled on this piece. Few years old but VERY relevant. Freitag, B. (2007). How can emergency managers address our warming climate? Relying on the basics–an essay. Journal of Emergency Management, 5(5), 11-13.



9) This article was very useful for me in taking a birds-eye view of sheltering. Phillips, B. D., Wikle, T. A., Hakim, A. H., & Pike, L. (2012). Establishing and operating shelters after Hurricane Katrina. International Journal of Emergency Management, 8(2), 153-167.


10) Perry, R. W., & Lindell, M. K. (2003). Understanding citizen response to disasters with implications for terrorism. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 11(2), 49-60.



11) Voss, M., & Wagner, K. (2010). Learning from (small) disasters. Natural Hazards, 55, 657-669.



12) Recent misuse of the term "refugee" has reminded me of this article. Masquelier, A. (2006). Why Katrina's victims aren't refugees: Musings on a “dirty” word. American Anthropologist, 108(4), 735-743.



13) Jensen, J., Bundy, S., Thomas, B., & Yakubu, M. (2014). The County Emergency Manager's Role in Recovery. International Journal of Mass Emergencies & Disasters, 32(1).




14) Passerini, E. (2000). Disasters as agents of social change in recovery and reconstruction. Natural Hazards Review, 1(2), 67-72.



15) Reddy, S. D. (2000). Factors influencing the incorporation of hazard mitigation during recovery from disaster. Natural Hazards, 22(2), 185-201.



16) I made a thread with gifs about this a few months ago but this is the more, um, academic version. Quarantelli, E. Emergencies, disasters, and catastrophes are different phenomena. Preliminary Paper # 304. Newark, DE: Disaster Research Center.



17) This one is a bit different than what I've been posting but it's an important piece. Pritchard, S. B. (2012). An envirotechnical disaster: nature, technology, and politics at Fukushima. Environmental History, 17(2), 219-243.



18) Kahn, M. E. (2005). The death toll from natural disasters: the role of income, geography, and institutions. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 87(2), 271-284.



19) Etkin, D., & Stefanovic, I. L. (2005). Mitigating natural disasters: The role of eco-ethics. In Mitigation of Natural Hazards and Disasters: International Perspectives (pp. 135-158). Springer Netherlands.



20) I only watched the first few episodes of Treme. It was too much for me at the time. Might revisit? Gray, H. (2012). Recovered, reinvented, reimagined: Treme, television studies and writing New Orleans. Television & New Media, 13(3), 268-278.


21) There is shockingly little research on gender and disasters and even less that takes an intersectional perspective. Cupples, J. (2007). Gender and Hurricane Mitch: Reconstructing subjectivities after disaster. Disasters, 31(2), 155-175.


22) People tend to have a loose interpretation of what constitutes public participation. Vallance, S. (2015). Disaster recovery as participation: lessons from the Shaky Isles. Natural Hazards, 75(2), 1287-1301.



23) In honor of today's earthquake. Haas, J. E., Dynes, R. R., & Quarantelli, E. L. (1964). Some Preliminary Observation On The Responses Of Community Organizations Involved In The Emergency Period Of The Alaskan Earthquake.



24) Bello, W. (2006). The rise of the relief-and-reconstruction complex. Journal of International Affairs, 281-296. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=The+rise+of+the+relief-and-reconstruction+complex&btnG=


25) Read about Prince’s Dissertation: Scanlon, TJ. (1988). Disaster’s little known pioneer: Canada’s Samuel Henry Prince. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disaster 6(3): 213-232. 



26) Voorhees, W. (2008). New Yorkers respond to the World Trade Center Attack: An anatomy of an emergent volunteer organization. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 16(1), 3-13.


27. Springer, C. G. (2009). Emergency managers as change agents. https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1345&context=sea_fac_articles


28. Plotnick, L., Hiltz, S. R., Kushma, J. A., & Tapia, A. H. (2015, May). Red Tape: Attitudes and Issues Related to Use of Social Media by US County-Level Emergency Managers. In ISCRAM. http://idl.iscram.org/files/lindaplotnick/2015/1225_LindaPlotnick_etal2015.pdf


29. McCormick, S. (2016). New tools for emergency managers: an assessment of obstacles to use and implementation. Disasters, 40(2), 207-225.


30. Cwiak, C. L. (2014). Increasing access and support for emergency management higher education programs. Journal of emergency management (Weston, Mass.), 12(5), 367-377.


31. Evans-Cowley, J. S., & Gough, M. Z. (2008). Citizen Engagement in Post-Hurricane Katrina Planning in Harrison County, Mississippi. Cityscape, 21-37. https://community-wealth.org/sites/clone.community-wealth.org/files/downloads/report-dorgan-et-al.pdf#page=27


32. Godschalk, D. R., Brody, S., & Burby, R. (2003). Public participation in natural hazard mitigation policy formation: challenges for comprehensive planning. Journal of environmental planning and management, 46(5), 733-754. http://research-legacy.arch.tamu.edu/epsru/pdf/03-07A.pdf


33. Brudney, J. L., & Gazley, B. (2009). Planing to be prepared: an empirical examination of the role of voluntary organizations in county government emergency planning. Public Performance & Management Review, 32(3), 372-399.


34. Egan, M. J., & Tischler, G. H. (2010). The National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster Relief and Disaster Assistance Missions. Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, 1(2), 63-96. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228281713_The_National_Voluntary_Organizations_Active_in_Disaster_Relief_and_Disaster_Assistance_Missions_An_Approach_to_Better_Collaboration_with_the_Public_Sector_in_Post-Disaster_Operations


35. Spennemann, D. H., & Graham, K. (2007). The importance of heritage preservation in natural disaster situations. International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 7(6-7), 993-1001.


36. Debris/ waste management. THE GLAMOUR. Brown, C., Milke, M., & Seville, E. (2011). Disaster waste management: A review article. Waste management, 31(6), 1085-1098. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Brown%2C+C.%2C+Milke%2C+M.%2C+%26+Seville%2C+E.+%282011%29.+Disaster+waste+management%3A+A+review+article.+Waste+Management%2C+31%2C+1085-1098.&btnG=


37. Hughes, A. L., & Palen, L. (2012). The evolving role of the public information officer: An examination of social media in emergency management. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 9(1).


38. I obsessively send this article from @amsavitt to everyone because it is excellent. Savitt, A. (2017). Insurance as a tool for hazard risk management? An evaluation of the literature. Natural hazards, 86(2), 583-599.


39. Barsky, L. E., Trainor, J. E., Torres, M. R., & Aguirre, B. (2007). Managing volunteers: FEMA's Urban Search and Rescue programme and interactions with unaffiliated responders in disaster response. Disasters, 31(4), 495-507.


40. Gajewski, S., Bell, H., Lein, L., & Angel, R. J. (2011). Complexity and instability: The response of nongovernmental organizations to the recovery of Hurricane Katrina survivors in a host community. Nonprofit and voluntary sector quarterly, 40(2), 389-403.


41. Green, R., Bates, L. K., & Smyth, A. (2007). Impediments to recovery in New Orleans' upper and lower ninth ward: One year after hurricane Katrina. Disasters, 31(4), 311-335. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Impediments+to+Recovery+in+New+Orleans%E2%80%99+Upper+and+Lower+Ninth+Ward+One+Year+after+Hurricane+Katrina&btnG=


42. St John, C., & Fuchs, J. (2002). The heartland responds to terror: Volunteering after the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building. Social Science Quarterly,83(2), 397-415.


43. Farrell, J. (2014). Moral Outpouring: Shock and Generosity in the Aftermath of the BP Oil Spill. Social Problems, 61(3), 482-506.


44. O'Brien, G., O'Keefe, P., Rose, J., & Wisner, B. (2006). Climate change and disaster management. Disasters, 30(1), 64-80. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=O%27Brien%2C+G.%2C+O%27Keefe%2C+P.%2C+Rose%2C+J.%2C+%26+Wisner%2C+B.+%282006%29.+Climate+change+and+disaster+management.+Disasters%2C+30%281%29%2C+64-80.&btnG=


45. Haraoka, T., Ojima, T., Murata, C., & Hayasaka, S. (2012). Factors Influencing Collaborative Activities between Non-Professional Disaster Volunteers and Victims of Earthquake Disasters. Plos ONE, 7(10), 1-8. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=45.+Haraoka%2C+T.%2C+Ojima%2C+T.%2C+Murata%2C+C.%2C+%26+Hayasaka%2C+S.+%282012%29.+Factors+Influencing+Collaborative+Activities+between+Non-Professional+Disaster+Volunteers+and+Victims+of+Earthquake+Disasters.+Plos+ONE%2C+7%2810%29%2C+1-8.&btnG=


46. Rotolo, T., & Berg, J. A. (2011). In Times of Need: An Examination of Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief Service Volunteers. Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 40(4), 740-750. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=46.+Rotolo%2C+T.%2C+%26+Berg%2C+J.+A.+%282011%29.+In+Times+of+Need%3A+An+Examination+of+Emergency+Preparedness+and+Disaster+Relief+Service+Volunteers.+Nonprofit+%26+Voluntary+Sector+Quarterly%2C+40%284%29%2C+740-750.+&btnG=



47. Ocak, T., Duran, A., Özdeş, T., Hocagil, C., & Küçükbayrak, A. (2013). Problems Encountered by Volunteers Assisting the Relief Efforts in Van, Turkey and the Surrounding Earthquake Area. Journal Of Academic Emergency Medicine, 12(2), 66-70. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=47.+Ocak%2C+T.%2C+Duran%2C+A.%2C+%C3%96zde%C5%9F%2C+T.%2C+Hocagil%2C+C.%2C+%26+K%C3%BC%C3%A7%C3%BCkbayrak%2C+A.+%282013%29.+Problems+Encountered+by+Volunteers+Assisting+the+Relief+Efforts+in+Van%2C+Turkey+and+the+Surrounding+Earthquake+Area.+Journal+Of+Academic+Emergency+Medicine+%2F+Akademik+Acil+Tip+Olgu+Sunumlari+Dergisi%2C+12%282%29%2C+66-70.+&btnG=


48. Sargisson, R. J., Hunt, S., Hanlen, P., Smith, K., & Hamerton, H. (2012). Volunteering: A Community Response to the Rena Oil Spill in New Zealand. Journal Of Contingencies & Crisis Management, 20(4), 208-218. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=48.+Sargisson%2C+R.+J.%2C+Hunt%2C+S.%2C+Hanlen%2C+P.%2C+Smith%2C+K.%2C+%26+Hamerton%2C+H.+%282012%29.+Volunteering%3A+A+Community+Response+to+the+Rena+Oil+Spill+in+New+Zealand.+Journal+Of+Contingencies+%26+Crisis+Management%2C+20%284%29%2C+208-218.+&btnG=


49. Brzozowski, J. C. (2013). From paid work to volunteerism during one case of natural disaster: Interacting micro and macro level transitions. Work, 44(1), 85-88.


50. Drabek, T. E. (2013). Emergency managers as community change agents: an expanded vision of the profession. Journal of emergency management (Weston, Mass.), 12(1), 9-20. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Drabek%2C+T.+E.+%282013%29.+Emergency+managers+as+community+change+agents%3A+an+expanded+vision+of+the+profession.+Journal+of+emergency+management&btnG=


51. Robinson, S., Murphy, H., & Bies, A. (2014). Structured to partner: School district collaboration with nonprofit organizations in disaster response. Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, 5(1), 77-95.


52. Brennan, M. A., & Flint, C. G. (2007). Uncovering the hidden dimensions of rural disaster mitigation: Capacity building through community emergency response teams. Southern Rural Sociologist, 22(2), 111-126. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Uncovering+the+hidden+dimensions+of+rural+disaster+mitigation%3A+Capacity+building+through+community+emergency+response+teams&btnG=


53. Gotham, K. F. (2007b) ‘(Re)Branding the Big Easy: Tourism Rebuilding in Post-Katrina New Orleans’, Urban Affairs Review 42(6): 823-50



54. LaLone, M. B. (2012). Neighbors helping neighbors an examination of the social capital mobilization process for community resilience to environmental disasters. Journal of Applied Social Science, 6(2), 209-237.


55. Pérez, J. D. (2003). Early Socio‐political and Environmental Consequences of the Prestige Oil Spill in Galicia. Disasters, 27(3), 207-223.


56. Kapucu, N. (2008). Collaborative emergency management: better community organising, better public preparedness and response. Disasters, 32(2), 239-262.



57. Gordon, L. (2013). Preserving family and community: Women's voices from the christchurch earthquakes. Disaster Prevention and Management, 22(5), 415-424.


58. Carr, J., & Jensen, J. Explaining the pre-disaster integration of Community Emergency Response Teams (CERTs). Natural Hazards, 1-21.


59. Cheema, A. R., Scheyvens, R., Glavovic, B., & Imran, M. (2014). Unnoticed but important: revealing the hidden contribution of community-based religious institution of the mosque in disasters. Natural hazards, 71(3), 2207-2229.



60. Ward, K. D. (2013). Does Service Beget Service? Examining the Impact of Participation in AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corps on Disaster Relief Activity Later in Life. Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, 4(2), 110-127.


61. Gould, L. (2014). A conceptual model of the individual and household recovery process: Examining Hurricane Sandy. Thesis at North Dakota State University.



62. Jensen, J. (2011). The current NIMS implementation behavior of United States’ counties. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 8(1), Article 20.


63. Enarson, E. 2001. ‘We want work;’ rural women in the Gujarat drought and earthquake. Natural Hazards Center Quick Response Report #135. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=%E2%80%98We+want+work%3B%E2%80%99+rural+women+in+the+Gujarat+drought+and+earthquake&btnG=


64. Morrow, B. H. & Phillips, B. 1999. What’s gender “got to do with it”. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disaster. 17(1). 5-11.


65. Enarson, E., & Morrow, B. H. (1998). Women will rebuild Miami: a case study of feminist response to disaster. The gendered terrain of disaster: Through women’s eyes, 185-199.


66. Wilson, Jennifer. 1999. Professionalization and gender in local emergency management. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 17 (1): 111-122.


67. Brown, B. L., Jenkins, P. J., & Wachtendorf, T. 2010. Shelter in the storm: A battered women’s shelter and catastrophe. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters. 28(2). 226-245.


68. Jensen, J. (2009). NIMS in rural America. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 27(3), 218-249.


69. Lueck, M. M., & Peek, L. (2012). Disaster Social Service Volunteers: Evaluation of a Training Program. Journal of Applied Social Science6(2), 191-208.


70. Cwiak, C. L., Avon, N., Kellen, C., Mott, P. C., Niday, O. M., Schulz, K. M., ... & Webb, T. B. (2015). The new normal: The direct and indirect impacts of oil drilling and production on the emergency management function in North Dakota. Fargo, ND: North Dakota State University.



71. Egan, M. J., & Tischler, G. H. (2010). The NVOAD Relief and Disaster Assistance Missions: An Approach to Better Collaboration with the Public Sector in Post‐Disaster Operations. Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, 1(2), 63-96





72. Howell, J. (2014). The securitisation of NGOs post-9/11. Conflict, Security & Development, 14(2), 151-179.


73. Phillips, B. D., Metz, W. C., & Nieves, L. A. (2005). Disaster threat: Preparedness and potential response of the lowest income quartile. Environmental Hazards, 6, 123-133.


74. Enarson, E. 1999. Women and housing issues in two US disasters: Hurricane Andrew and the Red River Valley Flood. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 17 (1): 39-


63. Bundy, S. (2013). COORDINATION IN DISASTER RECOVERY: IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY AND PRACTICE. North Dakota State University. Dissertation


75. Cram, B. (2014). Women in the face of disaster: Incorporating gender perspectives into disaster policy. Quick Response Research Report #247 https://hazards.colorado.edu/quickreport/women-in-the-face-of-disaster-incorporating-gender-perspectives-into-disaster-policy


76. Fothergill, A. (1998). The neglect of gender in disaster work: an overview of the literature. The Gendered Terrain of Disaster: Through Women’s Eyes. Westport, CT, Praeger Publishers. pp11-25.


77. Jensen, J. (2010). The argument for a disciplinary approach to emergency management higher education. FEMA Emergency Management Institute.


78. Grove, KJ. 2013. From emergency management to managing emergence: A genealogy of disaster management in Jamaica. Annals of the association of American geographers. 103(3). Pp.570-588.


79. Jenkins, P., & Phillips, B. (2008). Battered women, catastrophe, and the context of safety after Hurricane Katrina. NWSA Journal, 20(3), 49-68.


80. Quarantelli, E.L. (2000) Disaster planning, emergency management and civil protection: The historical development of organized efforts to plan for and to respond to disasters. Preliminary Paper #301. University of Delaware Disaster Research Center.


81. Beau, M., Capra, M. F., Van der Heide, G., Stoneham, M. J., & Lucas, M. (2002). Are disaster management concepts relevant in developing countries? The case of the 1999-2000 Mozambican floods. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, 16(4), 25-33.


82. Guldåker, N., Eriksson, K., & Nieminen Kristofersson, T. (2015). Preventing and Preparing for Disasters--The Role of a Swedish Local Emergent Citizen Group. International Journal of Mass Emergencies & Disasters, 33(3).

83. Phillips, B. D. (1986). The media in disaster threat situations: some possible relationships between mass media reporting and voluntarism. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 4(3), 7-26.



84. Childers, C. D. (1999). Elderly female-headed households in the disaster loan process. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters17(1), 99-110.


85. Enarson, E., & Scanlon, J. (1999). Gender patterns in flood evacuation: A case study in Canada's Red River Valley. Applied Behavioral Science Review, 7(2), 103-124.



86. Savitt, A. (2015) An evaluation of the protective action decision model using data from a train derailment in Casselton, North Dakota. Thesis. North Dakota State University




87. Cwiak, C. L. (2013). Increasing access and support for emergency management higher education programs. Journal of emergency management (Weston, Mass.), 12(5), 367-377.


88. Reuter, C., Heger, O., & Pipek, V. (2013). Combining real and virtual volunteers through social media. Proc. ISCRAM, 780-790.


89. Phillips, B. D. (2005). Disaster as a discipline: The status of emergency management education in the U.S., International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 23(1), pp. 111-140.


90. Nelson, T. (2012). Determinants of disaster aid: donor interest or recipient need?. Global Change, Peace & Security, 24(1), 109-126. https://search.proquest.com/openview/6532496d526c3336b0546c28c3d7588d/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y


91. Provencio, A. L. (2017). Gender and Representative Bureaucracy: Opportunities and Barriers in Local Emergency Management Agencies (Doctoral dissertation, Oklahoma State University).


92. (Fun Fact: This where the quote on my twitter banner is from.) Williams, H. B. (1954). Fewer disasters, better studied. Journal of Social Issues, 10(3), 5-11.


93. Fritz, C. E., & Williams, H. B. (1957). The human being in disasters: A research perspective. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 309(1), 42-51.


94. Aguirre, B. E., Wenger, D. E., Glass, T. A., Diaz-Murillo, M., & Vigo, G. (1995). The social organization of search and rescue: Evidence from the Guadalajara gasoline explosion. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 13, 67-92.


95. Atsumi, T., & Goltz, J. D. (2014). Fifteen years of disaster volunteers in Japan: A longitudinal fieldwork assessment of a disaster non-profit organization. International Journal of Mass Emergencies & Disasters, 32(1).


96. Dynes, R. R., Quarantelli, E. L., & Wenger, D. (1988). The organizational and public response to the September 1985 earthquake in Mexico City, Mexico. Final Report #35. Newark, DE: Disaster Research Center.




97. Dynes, R. R., Quarantelli, E. L., & Wenger, D. (1990) Individual and organizational response to the 1985 earthquake in Mexico City, Mexico. Book & Monograph Series #24. Newark, DE: Disaster Research Center.




98. Hyrapiet, S. (2000) Emergent phenomena in India after the Indian Ocean Tsunami. Thesis at Oklahoma State University.



99. Kennedy, W.C. (1971). Earthquake in Chile: A study of organizational response. Working Paper #33. Disaster Research Center, Newark, DE: University of Delaware.



100. McLuckie, B. F. (1977). Italy, Japan, and the United States effects of centralization on disaster responses 1964-1969. Historical & Comparative Disaster Series #1. Disaster Research Center, Newark, DE: University of Delaware.


101. Quarantelli, E. L. (1992). Organizational response to the Mexico City earthquake of 1985: Characteristics and implications. Preliminary Paper #187. Disaster Research Center, Newark, DE: University of Delaware.




102. Scanlon, J. (1999). Emergent groups in established frameworks: Ottawa Carleton's response to the 1998 ice disaster. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 7(1), 30-37.


103. Silverman, J. (2011). "The need obliged us": Culture as capacity during the hurricane Stan emergency response. A case study from Tectitan, Huehuetenango, Guatemala. Thesis at Michigan Technological University.


104. Goltz, J. D., & Tierney, K. J. (1997). Emergency response: Lessons learned from the Kobe Earthquake. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Emergency+Response%3A+Lessons+Learned+from+the+Kobe+Earthquake&btnG=


105. Vigo, G. N. (1997). Emergent behavior in the immediate response to two disasters: The 1985 Mexico City earthquake and the 1994 Northridge earthquake in Los Angeles.


106. Quarantelli, E. L. (1997). Problematical aspects of the information/communication revolution for disaster planning and research: ten non-technical issues and questions. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 6(2), 94-106.


107. Fothergill, A. (2000). Knowledge transfer between researchers and practitioners. Natural Hazards Review1(2), 91-98.


108. White, G. F., Kates, R. W., & Burton, I. (2001). Knowing better and losing even more: the use of knowledge in hazards management. Global Environmental Change Part B: Environmental Hazards, 3(3-4), 81-92.




109. Lixin, Y., Li, P., Zhou, J., & Lingling, G. (2011). Higher education of emergency management in china. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 8(2).





110. Mukherji, A., Ganapati, N. E., & Rahill, G. (2014). Expecting the unexpected: field research in post-disaster settings. Natural hazards, 73(2), 805-828. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Mukherji%2C+A.%2C+Ganapati%2C+N.+E.%2C+%26+Rahill%2C+G.+%282014%29.+Expecting+the+unexpected%3A+field+research+in+post-disaster+settings.+Natural+hazards%2C+73%282%29%2C+805-828.&btnG=#d=gs_cit&p=&u=%2Fscholar%3Fq%3Dinfo%3AhjJrQSrkoh4J%3Ascholar.google.com%2F%26output%3Dcite%26scirp%3D0%26hl%3Den

111. Gonzalez, J. J., Granmo, O. C., Munkvold, B. E., Li, F. Y., & Dugdale, J. (2012, April). Multidisciplinary challenges in an integrated emergency management approach. In Proceedings of the 9th International ISCRAM Conference. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Multidisciplinary+challenges+in+an+integrated+emergency+management+approach&btnG=


112. Geisler, C., & Currens, B. (2017). Impediments to inland resettlement under conditions of accelerated sea level rise. Land Use Policy, 66, 322-330. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Impediments+to+inland+resettlement+under+conditions+of+accelerated+sea+level+rise.&btnG=


113. Jorissen, J. D. (2014). An exploration of the creation and maintenance of local voluntary organizations active in disaster. North Dakota State University. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=An+exploration+of+the+creation+and+maintenance+of+local+voluntary+organizations+active+in+disaster&btnG=



114. Anguelovski, I., Shi, L., Chu, E., Gallagher, D., Goh, K., Lamb, Z., ... & Teicher, H. (2016). Towards Critical Studies of Climate Adaptation Planning. Berlin conference on global environmental change      




115. Trenberth, K. E., Cheng, L., Jacobs, P., Zhang, Y., & Fasullo, J. (2018). Hurricane Harvey links to Ocean Heat Content and Climate Change Adaptation. Earth's Future.



116. Cutter, S. L., & Smith, M. M. (2009). Fleeing from the hurricane's wrath: Evacuation and the two Americas. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 51(2), 26-36.



117. Gerbarg, P. L., & Brown, R. P. (2005). Yoga: A breath of relief for Hurricane Katrina refugees. Current Psychiatry, 4(10), 55-67. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Yoga%3A+A+breath+of+relief+for+Hurricane+Katrina+refugees&btnG=


118. Wynes, S., & Nicholas, K. A. (2017). The climate mitigation gap: education and government recommendations miss the most effective individual actions. Environmental Research Letters, 12(7), 074024. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=The+climate+mitigation+gap%3A+education+and+government+recommendations+miss+the+most+effective+individual+actions&btnG=


119. Brown, P. H., & Minty, J. H. (2008). Media coverage and charitable giving after the 2004 tsunami. Southern Economic Journal, 9-25. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Media+coverage+and+charitable+giving+after+the+2004+tsunami&btnG=


120. Dynes, R. R. (2003). Noah and disaster planning: The cultural significance of the flood story. Journal of contingencies and crisis management, 11(4), 170-177.





121. Westerling, A. L., Hidalgo, H. G., Cayan, D. R., & Swetnam, T. W. (2006). Warming and earlier spring increase western US forest wildfire activity. science, 313(5789), 940-943.




122. Cordasco, K. M., Eisenman, D. P., Glik, D. C., Golden, J. F., & Asch, S. M. (2007). " They blew the levee": distrust of authorities among Hurricane Katrina evacuees. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 18(2), 277-282.





123. Kellenberg, D. K., & Mobarak, A. M. (2008). Does rising income increase or decrease damage risk from natural disasters?. Journal of urban economics, 63(3), 788-802.




124. Scott, L. (2016, May). What role do images and Arts Activism play in reinforcing messages connected to the theme of Climate Change?. In CONFIA 4th International Conference in Illustration & Animation (Vol. 4, pp. 510-524). https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=What+role+do+images+and+Arts+Activism+play+in+reinforcing+messages+connected+to+the+theme+of+Climate+Change&btnG=



125. Luft, R. E. (2016). Racialized disaster patriarchy: An intersectional model for understanding disaster ten years after Hurricane Katrina. Feminist Formations, 28(2), 1-26.




126. King, J. J. (2011). Recovery & Recognition: Black Women and the Lower Ninth Ward.



127. Lewis, R. (2013). Deportable subjects: Lesbians and political asylum. Feminist Formations25(2), 174-194. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Deportable+Subjects%3A+Lesbians+and+Political+Asylum&btnG=



128. Gorman-Murray, A., Morris, S., Keppel, J., McKinnon, S., & Dominey-Howes, D. (2014). The LGBTI community in the 2011 Queensland floods: Marginality, vulnerability and resilience. LES Online: Digital Journal on Lesbian Studies6(1), 4-20.



129. International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) and SEROVie. (2011). The Impact of the Earthquake, and Relief and Recovery Programs on Haitian LGBT People.http://www.ijdh.org/2011/03/topics/housing/the-impact-of-the-earthquake-and-relief-and-recovery-programs-on-haitian-lgbt-people-iglhrc-and-serovie/


130. Urbatsch, R. (2016). Judgement days: moral attitudes in the wake of local disasters. Disasters40(1), 26-44.


131. Dominey-Howes, D., Gorman-Murray, A., & McKinnon, S. (2016). Emergency management response and recovery plans in relation to sexual and gender minorities in NEW South Wales, Australia. International journal of disaster risk reduction16, 1-11.




132. Dominey-Howes, D., Gorman-Murray, A., & McKinnon, S. (2014). Queering disasters: On the need to account for LGBTI experiences in natural disaster contexts. Gender, Place & Culture21(7), 905-918.


133. Knight, K., & Welton-Mitchell, C. (2013). Gender identity and disaster response in Nepal. Forced Migration Review, (42), 57.



134. Gorman-Murray, A., McKinnon, S., & Dominey-Howes, D. (2014). Queer domicide: LGBT displacement and home loss in natural disaster impact, response, and recovery. Home Cultures11(2), 237-261.




135. Cruess, S., Antoni, M., Kilbourn, K., Ironson, G., Klimas, N., Fletcher, M. A., ... & Schneiderman, N. (2000). Optimism, distress, and immunologic status in HIV-infected gay men following Hurricane Andrew. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine7(2), 160-182.



136. Richards, G. (2010). Queering Katrina: gay discourses of the disaster in New Orleans. Journal of American Studies44(3), 519-534.


137. Overton, L. R. A. (2014). From Vulnerability to Resilience: an Exploration of Gender Performance Art and how it has Enabled Young women's Empowerment in Post-hurricane new Orleans. Procedia Economics and Finance18, 214-221.



138. Haskell, B. (2014). Sexuality and Natural Disaster: Challenges of LGBT Communities Facing Hurricane Katrina.


139. Cobarruvias, S. (2017). The Unrepresented in Environmental Debates: The Impact of Climate Change on Low-Income Transwomen of Color. Department of Anthropology Spring 2017, 34.




140. Gaillard, J. C., Gorman-Murray, A., & Fordham, M. (2017). Sexual and gender minorities in disaster.




141. Ong, J. C. (2017). Queer cosmopolitanism in the disaster zone:‘My Grindr became the United Nations’. International Communication Gazette79(6-7), 656-673.



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142. Wernstedt, K., et al (2018). How emergency managers (mis?)interpret forecasts. Disasters.





143. Crutcher, M., & Zook, M. (2009). Placemarks and waterlines: Racialized cyberscapes in post-Katrina Google Earth. Geoforum, 40(4), 523-534.





144. Hughes, A. L., Palen, L., Sutton, J., Liu, S. B., & Vieweg, S. (2008, May). Site-seeing in disaster: An examination of on-line social convergence. In Proceedings of the 5th International ISCRAM Conference. Washington, DC.




145. Green, R., Bates, L. K., & Smyth, A. (2007). Impediments to recovery in New Orleans' upper and lower ninth ward: One year after hurricane Katrina. Disasters, 31(4), 311-335.




146. Denhart, H. (2010). Deconstructing disaster: Economic and environmental impacts of deconstruction in post-Katrina New Orleans. Resources, conservation and recycling, 54(3), 194-204.




147. Yuill, S. M. (2004). Dark tourism: understanding visitor motivation at sites of death and disaster (Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University).




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150. Hughes, A. L., & Palen, L. (2012). The evolving role of the public information officer: An examination of social media in emergency management. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 9(1).


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335. Dutu, A., Ferreira, J. G., & Sandu, C. (2013). Incremental seismic rehabilitation concept for Romanian civil buildings integrated in natural hazards prevention management. International Journal of Emergency Management, 9(3), 248-257. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C24&q=Incremental+seismic+rehabilitation+concept+for+Romanian+civil+buildings+integrated+in+natural+hazards+prevention+management&btnG=


336. Etkin, D., & Timmerman, P. (2013). Emergency management and ethics. International Journal of Emergency Management, 9(4), 277-297. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/David_Etkin/publication/264812137_Emergency_management_and_ethics/links/569cf37008ae8f8ddc711cdf/Emergency-management-and-ethics.pdf


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339. Shams, F., Capodieci, P., Cerone, A., Fantacci, R., Marabissi, D., Mariotta, G., ... & Nicola, R. D. (2016). Integration of heterogeneous information sources for an effective emergency management. International Journal of Emergency Management, 12(1), 70-94. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C24&q=Integration+of+heterogeneous+information+sources+for+an+effective+emergency+management&btnG=


340. Breen, G. M., & Matusitz, J. (2008). The contributions of state attorneys general to homeland security matters. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 5(1). https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jhsem.2008.5.1/jhsem.2008.5.1.1421/jhsem.2008.5.1.1421.xml


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342. Stevens, M. R., Berke, P. R., & Song, Y. (2010). Creating disaster-resilient communities: Evaluating the promise and performance of new urbanism. Landscape and Urban Planning, 94(2), 105-115. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204609001704


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344. Shreve, C. M., & Kelman, I. (2014). Does mitigation save? Reviewing cost-benefit analyses of disaster risk reduction. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 10, 213-235. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Does+mitigation+save%3F+Reviewing+cost-benefit+analyses+of+disaster+risk+reduction&btnG=


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356. Smith, M. (2014). Katrina revisited: recovery strategies–redevelopment vs. relocation. International Journal of Emergency Management, 10(1), 91-102. https://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/abs/10.1504/IJEM.2014.061664


357. Edmonds, A. S., & Cutter, S. L. (2008). Planning for pet evacuations during disasters. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 5(1). https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Planning+for+pet+evacuations+during+disasters&btnG=


358. Misanya, D., & Øyhus, A. O. (2015). The role of community-based knowledge and local institutions in managing landslides on the slopes of Mount Elgon, Uganda. International Journal of Emergency Management, 11(2), 89-104. https://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/abs/10.1504/IJEM.2015.071044


359. Drews, F. A., Musters, A., Siebeneck, L. K., & Cova, T. J. (2014). Environmental factors that influence wildfire protective-action recommendations. International Journal of Emergency Management, 10(2), 153-168. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Environmental+factors+that+influence+wildfire+protective-action+recommendations&btnG=


360. Fetter, G., & Rakes, T. R. (2013). An equity approach to contractor assignment in post-disaster debris disposal operations. International journal of emergency management, 9(2), 170-186. https://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/abs/10.1504/IJEM.2013.055167


361. Huss, E., Kaufman, R., Avgar, A., & Shuker, E. (2016). Arts as a vehicle for community building and post‐disaster development. Disasters, 40(2), 284-303. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Arts+as+a+vehicle+for+community+building+and+post%E2%80%90disaster+development&btnG=


362. Fielding, J. L. (2012). Inequalities in exposure and awareness of flood risk in England and Wales. Disasters, 36(3), 477-494. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C20&q=Inequalities+in+exposure+and+awareness+of+flood+risk+in+England+and+Wales&btnG=


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364. Becker, S. L., & Reusser, D. E. (2016). Disasters as opportunities for social change: using the multi-level perspective to consider the barriers to disaster-related transitions. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 18, 75-88. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212420916300164



365. A treat for the final post: Drabek quoting the Dixie Chicks.


Drabek, T. E. (2010). Expanding Our Vision of Emergency Management Through Discussions of New Teaching Resources: The Human Side of Disaster. A paper presented at the 13 th annual Emergency Management Higher Education Conference, Emergency Management Institute, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security, Emmitsburg, Maryland, June.